Physics

  • Article |

    A study demonstrates the synthesis and characterization of a two-dimensional van der Waals heterostructure hosting artificial heavy fermions, providing a tunable platform for investigations of heavy-fermion physics.

    • Viliam Vaňo
    • , Mohammad Amini
    •  & Peter Liljeroth
  • Article |

    Electron scattering measurements are shown to reproduce only qualitatively state-of-the-art lepton–nucleus energy reconstruction models, indicating that improvements to these particle-interaction models are required to ensure the accuracy of future high-precision neutrino oscillation experiments.

    • M. Khachatryan
    • , A. Papadopoulou
    •  & S. Gardiner
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Existing techniques for high-resolution imaging of trapped quantum gases are limited to two-dimensional systems, but the approach described here works in three dimensions by magnifying the quantum gas with matter wave optics.

    • Luca Asteria
    • , Henrik P. Zahn
    •  & Christof Weitenberg
  • Article |

    Engineering of the coupling between optical modes in a lithium niobate chip enables the realization of tunable, bi-directional and low-loss electro-optic frequency shifters controlled using only continuous and single-tone microwaves.

    • Yaowen Hu
    • , Mengjie Yu
    •  & Marko Lončar
  • Article |

    A study describes the synthesis, structural characterization and formation mechanism of a paracrystalline state of diamond, adding an unusual form of diamond to the family of carbon-based materials.

    • Hu Tang
    • , Xiaohong Yuan
    •  & Huiyang Gou
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The successful in-orbit operation of an electric space propulsion system based on iodine, rather than the more expensive and difficult-to-store xenon, is demonstrated.

    • Dmytro Rafalskyi
    • , Javier Martínez Martínez
    •  & Ane Aanesland
  • Article |

    Four-dimensional electron energy-loss spectroscopy measurements of the vibrational spectra and the phonon dispersion at a heterointerface show localized modes that are predicted to affect the thermal conductance and electron mobility.

    • Ruishi Qi
    • , Ruochen Shi
    •  & Peng Gao
  • Article |

    An optical lattice for trapping a Bose–Einstein condensate reported here includes photon-mediated atom–atom interactions that replicate acoustic modes in real crystals.

    • Yudan Guo
    • , Ronen M. Kroeze
    •  & Benjamin L. Lev
  • Article |

    Amorphous–amorphous phase transitions in silicon dioxide are shown to proceed through a sequence of percolation transitions, a process that has relevance to a range of important liquid and glassy systems.

    • A. Hasmy
    • , S. Ispas
    •  & B. Hehlen
  • Article |

    A zero-knowledge proof, which can be used to verify secret information, is reported here with security that is enforced by the laws of special relativity.

    • Pouriya Alikhani
    • , Nicolas Brunner
    •  & Hugo Zbinden
  • Article |

    Through an idealized set of simulations, with a model that incorporates key physics, research reveals dramatic swings between massive rainfall events and extended dry periods in hothouse climates.

    • Jacob T. Seeley
    •  & Robin D. Wordsworth
  • Article |

    Bloch wavefunctions of two types of hole in gallium arsenide are reconstructed by measuring the polarization of light emitted by collisions of electrons and holes accelerated by a terahertz laser.

    • J. B. Costello
    • , S. D. O’Hara
    •  & M. S. Sherwin
  • Article |

    So far only signatures of excitonic insulators have been reported, but here direct thermodynamic evidence is provided for a strongly correlated excitonic insulating state in transition metal dichalcogenide semiconductor double layers.

    • Liguo Ma
    • , Phuong X. Nguyen
    •  & Jie Shan
  • Article |

    Preliminary modelling of airborne microplastics suggests that they may be exerting a minor cooling influence on the present-day atmosphere, and continued production could have increasing effects on the climate system in future.

    • Laura E. Revell
    • , Peter Kuma
    •  & Sally Gaw
  • Article |

    Using scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy, fractional edge excitations are observed in nanographene spin chains, enabling the potential to study strongly correlated phases in purely organic materials.

    • Shantanu Mishra
    • , Gonçalo Catarina
    •  & Roman Fasel
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The physics of oriented topological graphs produces anomalous non-reciprocal topological edge states that have greater robustness to disorder and defects than the best performers at present: namely, Chern states.

    • Zhe Zhang
    • , Pierre Delplace
    •  & Romain Fleury
  • Article |

    Experiments using two coupled optical ring resonators and based on the concept of synthetic dimension reveal non-Hermitian energy band structures exhibiting topologically non-trivial knots and links.

    • Kai Wang
    • , Avik Dutt
    •  & Shanhui Fan
  • Article |

    Fault-tolerant circuits for the control of a logical qubit encoded in 13 trapped ion qubits through a Bacon–Shor quantum error correction code are demonstrated.

    • Laird Egan
    • , Dripto M. Debroy
    •  & Christopher Monroe
  • Article |

    So far, only indirect evidence of Wigner crystals has been reported, but a specially designed scanning tunnelling microscope is used here to directly image them in a moiré heterostructure.

    • Hongyuan Li
    • , Shaowei Li
    •  & Feng Wang
  • Article |

    A study reveals a temperature-dependent cascade of different symmetry-broken electronic states in the kagome superconductor CsV3Sb5, and highlights intriguing parallels between vanadium-based kagome metals and materials exhibiting similar electronic phases.

    • He Zhao
    • , Hong Li
    •  & Ilija Zeljkovic
  • Article |

    An acoustic topological gallery insulator constructed from sonic crystals made of thermoplastic rods decorated with carbon nanotube films enables the out-coupling of amplified and focused sound at audible frequencies.

    • Bolun Hu
    • , Zhiwang Zhang
    •  & Johan Christensen
  • Article |

    A study reports unconventional superconductivity and a pair density wave in the kagome superconductor CsV3Sb5, and provides a basis for understanding the microscopic origin of correlated electronic states and superconductivity in vanadium-based kagome metals.

    • Hui Chen
    • , Haitao Yang
    •  & Hong-Jun Gao
  • Article |

    Nonlinearity induced by a single photon is desirable because it can drive power consumption of optical devices to their fundamental quantum limit, and is demonstrated here at room temperature.

    • Anton V. Zasedatelev
    • , Anton V. Baranikov
    •  & Pavlos G. Lagoudakis
  • Article |

    In a tiny chip-based particle accelerator, phase-space control of the emerging electron beam demonstrates guiding over a length of nearly 80 micrometres and an indispensable prerequisite to electron acceleration to high energies.

    • R. Shiloh
    • , J. Illmer
    •  & P. Hommelhoff
  • Article |

    Laser-free universal control of two trapped-ion qubits using a combination of radiofrequency and microwave magnetic fields achieves some of the highest fidelities ever reported for two-qubit maximally entangled states.

    • R. Srinivas
    • , S. C. Burd
    •  & D. H. Slichter
  • Article |

    Gold nanoflake pairs form by self-assembly in an aqueous ligand solution and offer stable and tunable microcavities by virtue of equilibrium between attractive Casimir forces and repulsive electrostatic forces.

    • Battulga Munkhbat
    • , Adriana Canales
    •  & Timur O. Shegai
  • Article |

    A study shows that rhombohedral graphene is an ideal platform for well-controlled tests of many-body theory and reveals that magnetism in moiré materials is fundamentally itinerant in nature.

    • Haoxin Zhou
    • , Tian Xie
    •  & Andrea F. Young
  • Article |

    Superconductivity is observed in rhombohedral trilayer graphene in the absence of a moiré superlattice, with two distinct superconducting states both occurring at a symmetry-breaking transition where the Fermi surface degeneracy changes.

    • Haoxin Zhou
    • , Tian Xie
    •  & Andrea F. Young
  • Article |

    Multiple redox transitions in a molecular memristor can be harnessed as ‘decision trees’ to undertake complex and reconfigurable logic operations in a single time step.

    • Sreetosh Goswami
    • , Rajib Pramanick
    •  & R. Stanley Williams
  • Article
    | Open Access

    A single electromagnetically trapped proton is sympathetically cooled to below ambient temperature by coupling it through a superconducting LC circuit to a laser-cooled cloud of Be+ ions stored in a spatially separated trap.

    • M. Bohman
    • , V. Grunhofer
    •  & S. Ulmer
  • Article |

    Directly coupling cavity photons to the photo-association resonances of pairs of atoms in a strongly interacting Fermi gas generates pair polaritons—hybrid excitaions coherently mixing photons, atom pairs and molecules.

    • Hideki Konishi
    • , Kevin Roux
    •  & Jean-Philippe Brantut
  • Article |

    Liquid ultrafast electron scattering measures structural responses in liquid water with femtosecond temporal and atomic spatial resolution to reveal a transient hydrogen bond contraction then thermalization preceding relaxation of the OH stretch.

    • Jie Yang
    • , Riccardo Dettori
    •  & Xijie Wang
  • Article |

    Model patchy colloids with directional bonding are designed that assemble into icosahedral quasicrystals through the propagation of an icosahedral network of bonds and may be realized using DNA origami particles.

    • Eva G. Noya
    • , Chak Kui Wong
    •  & Jonathan P. K. Doye
  • Article
    | Open Access

    A globally chiral atomic superfluid is induced by time-reversal symmetry breaking in an optical lattice and exhibits global angular momentum, which is expected to lead to topological excitations and the demonstration of a topological superfluid.

    • Xiao-Qiong Wang
    • , Guang-Quan Luo
    •  & Zhi-Fang Xu
  • Article |

    Optical imaging of single-molecule electrochemical reactions in aqueous solution enables super-resolution electrochemiluminescence microscopy, which can be used to monitor the adhesion dynamics of live cells with high spatiotemporal resolution.

    • Jinrun Dong
    • , Yuxian Lu
    •  & Jiandong Feng