Extended Data Fig. 2: Correlations and diversity in traits that govern geographical range boundaries. | Nature

Extended Data Fig. 2: Correlations and diversity in traits that govern geographical range boundaries.

From: Metabolic trait diversity shapes marine biogeography

Extended Data Fig. 2

ac, The key traits that make up resting hypoxia vulnerability (Vh = αD/αS) (a), its temperature sensitivity (Eo = Ed − Es) (b) and the elevated hypoxia vulnerability under activity (Vh × Φcrit) (c) all exhibit significant correlations (standard linear regression, two-tailed t-test, P < 0.05) between their constitutive parameters, regardless of whether we use all 72 species (dashed lines) or the subset of 14 species (dotted lines) for which the traits themselves were derived from statistically significant fits to equations (1) and (2) (see Methods and Extended Data Table 1). As in Fig. 1, points and error bars (centred dot, if shorter than marker) are mean ± s.e.m. for species with more than two independent experimental temperatures. See Supplementary Table 1 for the number of independent temperature experiments used for each species. The number of species used in each correlation is n = 48 (a, b) and n = 56 (c). See Extended Data Table 1 for statistics on two-sided t-tests of trait correlations. df, Observed diversity in resting hypoxia vulnerability (Vh) (d), its temperature sensitivity (Eo) (e) and active hypoxia vulnerability (Vh × Φcrit) (f), is measured as the interquartile range (IQR) among all species (red bars). We also quantified the diversity in species traits in the absence of observed correlations in the underlying metabolic traits. The correlations are removed by replacing species variation in the indicated parameter with the interspecies mean value. The diversity of the resulting trait is recomputed from the IQR (blue bars). Specifically, we replace the variable αS (a) with its mean value to derive a new distribution and IQR of Vh (d, blue bar); replace the variable Es (b) with its mean value to derive a new distribution and IQR of Eo (e, blue bar) and replace the variable Φcrit (c) with its mean value to derive a new distribution and IQR of the active hypoxia tolerance (Vh × Φcrit; f, blue bar). For all three central traits, the correlation and putative trade-offs among the underlying constitutive parameters act to reduce the interspecies diversity of the trait that governs habitat range limits.

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