Structure of solids and liquids

Structure of solids and liquids is the study of the physical properties of matter in which there is a non-negligible interaction between the constituent atoms or molecules. While the atoms or molecules in a liquid are free to move around, those in solids are limited to vibrating about a fixed point.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News & Views |

    Finding a parameter that can accurately identify the order–disorder phase transition, especially for complex physical systems with high-dimensional configurational space, is a challenging task. Recent work proposes a machine learning approach to effectively tackle this challenge.

    • Evert van Nieuwenburg
  • News & Views |

    At high pressure and temperature, water forms two crystalline phases, known as hot ‘black’ ices due to their partial opaqueness. A detailed characterization of these phases may explain magnetic field formation in giant icy planets like Neptune.

    • Simone Anzellini
    Nature Physics 17, 1195-1196
  • Comments & Opinion
    | Open Access

    Water ice exists in hugely different environments, artificially or naturally occurring ones across the universe. The phase diagram of crystalline phases of ice is still under construction: a high-pressure phase, ice XIX, has just been reported but its structure remains ambiguous.

    • Thomas C. Hansen
  • News & Views |

    Mapping X-ray diffraction patterns to crystal structures is a comprehensive and time-consuming task for chemists and materials scientists. In a recent work, researchers developed a machine-learning tool to make this job more ‘self-driving’.

    • Wenhao Sun
    •  & Michael F. Toney
  • News & Views |

    Ferroelectricity in bulk crystals of hafnium oxide demonstrates that these properties are not limited to films prepared by thin-film deposition techniques.

    • Thomas Mikolajick
    •  & Uwe Schroeder
    Nature Materials 20, 718-719