Ocean sciences

Ocean sciences span the physics, chemistry, and biology of marine systems. The field encompasses ocean circulation, energy dissipation, marine biology, ecology, biogeochemical cycles, water mass formation and movement, ocean temperature and salinity, and marine carbon and carbonate chemistry.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • Comments & Opinion
    | Open Access

    Oceans and cryosphere are immediately affected by human-induced climate change. Our Editorial Board members present viewpoints on the most pressing and fruitful avenues of research on frozen and liquid water, and the transition from one to the other.

    • Annie Bourbonnais
    • , Sze Ling Ho
    •  & Mark Altabet
  • News & Views |

    Climate models disagree on how the year-to-year variability of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation will change in a warmer world. Using a high-resolution climate model with an improved tropical Pacific mean state, research now suggests that El Niño activity tends to get weaker under GHG-induced warming.

    • Shineng Hu
    Nature Climate Change 11, 724-725
  • News & Views |

    Sea spray droplets contribute to the exchange of gases between the oceans and atmosphere. Accounting for this spray-mediated pathway may provide more accurate modelling of air–sea interactions and the ocean response to climate change.

    • Magdalena D. Anguelova
    Nature Geoscience 14, 543-544
  • News & Views |

    The difference between tropical east and west Pacific sea-surface temperatures affects local and global climate, and most climate models suggest a weaker future gradient despite a recent observed increase. Research now suggests the recent trends are due to a transient delay in east Pacific warming driven by cold water upwelling and aerosols.

    • Malte F. Stuecker
    Nature Climate Change 11, 645-646