Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is the treatment of disease by inducing, enhancing or suppressing an immune response. Activation immunotherapies induce or amplify an immune response and are used in vaccines and as cancer immunotherapies. Suppression immunotherapies reduce or suppress an immune response and are used to prevent graft rejection and treat autoimmunity and allergy.

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Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • Comments & Opinion |

    Established models of behavioural science can help to explain the suboptimal COVID-19 vaccine uptake even in countries with a plentiful supply, showing that increasing vaccination is not just about increasing knowledge and motivation, but also about increasing the opportunity for vaccination.

    • Susan Michie
  • News & Views |

    Despite the remarkable success of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapies in the treatment of hematological malignancies, this strategy remains challenging in solid tumors. One major obstacle is the hostile immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. New research demonstrates that targeting PARP11 can overcome this immunosuppression and boost CAR T cell efficacy through stabilization of IFNAR1.

    • Isabelle Munoz
    •  & Paul A. Beavis
    Nature Cancer 3, 790-792
  • News & Views |

    The response of circulating effector CD4 T cells to type I interferons (IFN-I) correlates with the overall survival of patients with cancer receiving immune checkpoint inhibition. IFN-I responsiveness is already epigenetically encoded before treatment initiation, highlighting a deterministic, clinically relevant feature that can predict therapeutic efficacy.

    Nature Immunology 23, 1146-1147
  • News & Views |

    In patients with autoimmune rheumatic disease, methotrexate therapy has been associated with poor immune response to vaccines, including those intended to provide protection against COVID-19. Emerging evidence supports the practice of temporarily discontinuing this treatment in order to improve immunogenicity.

    • Ana C. Medeiros-Ribeiro
    •  & Nadia E. Aikawa