Geography is a branch of academic study broadly concerned with the Earth. Geographers can be roughly divided into those concerned with physical earth processes (physical geography), such as erosion and sedimentation, and those who are more concerned with human activities (human geography).


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News and Comment

  • News & Views |

    When prices are adjusted for quality, electric vehicles stood their ground to petrol cars in the early twentieth century United States. If the electricity grid had developed twenty years earlier, they might have reached a 68–79% market share and CO2 emissions per car could have declined by 60%, a new study finds.

    • Gerben Bakker
  • News & Views |

    Nature’s pages feature a 1921 look at the origin of some English place-names, and an 1871 report of a polar expedition.

  • Comments & Opinion
    | Open Access

    Climate resilient development has become the new paradigm for sustainable development influencing theory and practice across all sectors globally—gaining particular momentum in the water sector, since water security is intimately connected to climate change. Climate resilience is increasingly recognised as being inherently political, yet efforts often do not sufficiently engage with context-specific socio-ecological, cultural and political processes, including structural inequalities underlying historically produced vulnerabilities. Depoliticised approaches have been shown to pose barriers to concerted and meaningful change. In this article, world-leading water specialists from academic and practitioner communities reflect on, and share examples of, the importance of keeping people and politics at the centre of work on climate resilient water security. We propose a roadmap to meaningfully engage with the complex politics of climate resilient water security. It is critical to re-politicise climate resilience to enable efforts towards sustainable development goal 6—clean water and sanitation for all.

    • Catherine Fallon Grasham
    • , Roger Calow
    •  & Hashim Zaidi
  • News & Views |

    Satellite imaging combined with population data shows that, globally, the number of people living in flood-prone areas is growing faster than is the number living on higher ground — greatly increasing the potential impact of floods.

    • Brenden Jongman
    Nature 596, 37-38