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  • A shared, basic scientific knowledge may be assumed, but please be aware that the language and concepts that are standard in one subfield may be unfamiliar to colleagues working in another area. 
  • Technical jargon should be avoided if possible, and clearly explained where its use is unavoidable. 
  • Abbreviations should be kept to a minimum and should be defined when first used. 
  • The background, rationale and main conclusions of the study should be clearly explained. 
  • Titles and abstracts should be written in language that is easily understood by any scientist.
  • No paper will be rejected for poor language.

If you would like assistance writing your manuscript, you can consider using a professional editing service such as those provided by our affiliates Nature Research Editing Service or American Journal Experts. The use of a language editing service has no bearing on editorial decisions and is not a requirement for publication.