In a step towards the industrialization of perovskite photovoltaics based on 2D materials, the fabrication of numerous perovskite modules and panels and their integration into a standalone solar farm is demonstrated. Outdoor field tests provide insight into device performance under real-life conditions over 8 months.
Using an electrolyte additive enables a nickel-rich layered cathode to be cycled at high voltages and still retain 97% of its initial capacity after 200 cycles. The decomposition of the electrolyte additive leads to the formation of a robust interphase that protects the surface of the cathode, preserving the capacity and preventing cracks.
PEDOT:PSS is a water-dispersible hole-transport material commonly used in printed electronics, but its acidity, hygroscopicity and poor wetting properties can affect device performance. These issues can now be overcome by adopting an alcohol-dispersible formulation — PEDOT:F — that enables the production of efficient and stable fully printable organic solar cells.
Using metal oxide nanoparticle additives can protect platinum group metal-free electrocatalysts from the attack of oxidizing radicals. Fuel cells with these radical scavengers have better durability than fuel cells without the scavengers.