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Material efficiency to tackle the sand crisis

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The world is facing a sand crisis, as booming sand use poses global sustainability challenges. A study now presents a blueprint for a less sand-demanding future, where synergistic material-efficiency strategies are crucial for curbing sand demand.

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Fig. 1: ME strategies for sand reduction across the lifecycle of buildings.

Change history

  • 27 May 2022

    In the version of this article initially published, Figure 1 arrow line widths were incorrectly plotted during typesetting and have now been amended.


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Correspondence to Zhi Cao.

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Cao, Z., Masanet, E. Material efficiency to tackle the sand crisis. Nat Sustain 5, 370–371 (2022).

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