Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Fluorinated solvents for better batteries


A Publisher Correction to this article was published on 10 May 2022

This article has been updated

The rational design of a novel fluorinated ethereal solvent shows a promising direction towards compact and lightweight batteries.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Novel fluorinated electrolyte.

Change history


  1. Barai, P., Higa, K. & Srinivasan, V. Impact of external pressure and electrolyte transport properties on lithium dendrite growth. J. Electrochem. Soc. 165, A2654–A2666 (2018).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Fang, C. et al. Pressure-tailored lithium deposition and dissolution in lithium metal batteries. Nat. Energy 6, 987–994 (2021).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Louli, A. J. et al. Diagnosing and correcting anode-free cell failure via electrolyte and morphological analysis. Nat. Energy 5, 693–702 (2020).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Drvarič Talian, S. et al. Fluorinated ether based electrolyte for high-energy lithium–sulfur batteries: Li+ solvation role behind reduced polysulfide solubility. Chem. Mater. 29, 10037–10044 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Amanchukwu, C. V. et al. A new class of ionically conducting fluorinated ether electrolytes with high electrochemical stability. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 142, 7393–7403 (2020).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Cao, X. et al. Effects of fluorinated solvents on electrolyte solvation structures and electrode/electrolyte interphases for lithium metal batteries. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 118, (2021).

  7. Zhao, Y. et al. Fluorinated ether electrolyte with controlled solvation structure for high voltage lithium metal batteries. Nat. Commun. (2022).

    Article  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  8. Cao, X. et al. Monolithic solid–electrolyte interphases formed in fluorinated orthoformate-based electrolytes minimize Li depletion and pulverization. Nat. Energy 4, 796–805 (2019).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Yoo, D., Yang, S., Kim, K. J. & Choi, J. W. Fluorinated aromatic diluent for high-performance lithium metal batteries. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 59, 14869–14876 (2020).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Wang, R., Cui, W., Chu, F. & Wu, F. Lithium metal anodes: Present and future. J. Energy Chem. 48, 145–159 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Robert Dominko.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Narayan, R., Dominko, R. Fluorinated solvents for better batteries. Nat Rev Chem (2022).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing