Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Threading career skills into classrooms

Chemists make crucial contributions to society and are often found in a broad range of workplaces. To sustain these impactful contributions, a diverse range of career skills must be embedded into the curricula.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. Tomlinson, M. ‘The degree is not enough’: students’ perceptions of the role of higher education credentials for graduate work and employability. British journal of sociology of education 29, 49–61 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Jang, H. Identifying 21st century STEM competencies using workplace data. J. Sci. Educ. Technol. 25, 284–301 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. McGunagle, D. & Zizka, L. Employability skills for 21st century STEM students: the employers’ perspective. High. Educ. Skills Work-Based Learn. 10, 591–606 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Jackson, D. Employability skill development in work-integrated learning: barriers and best practice. Stud. High. Educ. 40, 350–367 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Coll, R. K. et al. An exploration of the pedagogies employed to integrate knowledge in work-integrated learning. J. Coop. Educ. Intern. 43, 14–35 (2011).

    Google Scholar 

  6. Bowen, T. Work-integrated learning placements and remote working: experiential learning online. Intern. J. Work-Integr. Learn. 21, 377–386 (2020).

    Google Scholar 

  7. Ponikwer, F. & Patel, B. A. Work-integrated learning: a game-based learning activity that enhances student employability. J. Chem. Educ. 98, 888–895 (2021).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Bhavik Anil Patel.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Patel, B.A. Threading career skills into classrooms. Nat Rev Chem 6, 237–238 (2022).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing