Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Fractons’ exotic flow

The hydrodynamic description of many-body quantum systems is a key part of our understanding of out-of-equilibrium physics. Exotic, highly constrained quantum particles called fractons require a treatment that goes beyond hydrodynamics.

Your institute does not have access to this article

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: The macroscopic, mesoscopic and microscopic scales that are the basis of hydrodynamics.


  1. Centola, D. & Baronchelli, A. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 112, 1989–1994 (2015).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  2. Cavagna, A. et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 107, 11865–11870 (2010).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  3. Laughlin, R. B. & Pines, D. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 97, 28–31 (2000).

    MathSciNet  Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. Chamon, C. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040402 (2005).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. Vijay, S., Haah, J. & Fu, L. Phys. Rev. B 92, 235136 (2015).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. Glorioso, P., Guo, J., Rodriguez-Nieva, J. F. & Lucas, A. Nat. Phys. (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Kinoshita, T., Wenger, T. & Weiss, D. S. Nature 440, 900–903 (2006).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  8. Castro-Alvaredo, O. A., Doyon, B. & Yoshimura, T. Phys. Rev. X 6, 041065 (2016).

    Google Scholar 

  9. Bertini, B., Collura, M., De Nardis, J. & Fagotti, M. Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 207201 (2016).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  10. Kardar, M., Parisi, G. & Zhang, Y.-C. Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 889–892 (1986).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Olalla Castro-Alvaredo.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Castro-Alvaredo, O. Fractons’ exotic flow. Nat. Phys. 18, 858–859 (2022).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing