Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Assessing adaptation implementation

Assessing the global implementation of climate adaptation is critical. Now, research quantifies where adaptation is happening and where gaps remain.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Seawall in South Tarawa.

Johanna Nalau.


  1. 1.

    Berrang-Ford, L. et al. Nat. Clim. Change (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Callaghan, M. W., Minx, J. C. & Forster, P. M. Nat. Clim. Change (2020).

  3. 3.

    Nalau, J. & Verrall, B. Clim. Risk Man. (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Tompkins, E. L., Vincent, K., Nicholls, R. J. & Suckall, N. Wiley Interdiscip. Rev. Clim. Chang. (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Berrang-Ford, L. et al. Nat. Clim. Change (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Dupuis, J. & Biesbroek, R. Glob. Environ. Chang. (2013).

  7. 7.

    Nalau, J., Preston, B. L. & Maloney, M. C. Environ Sci. Policy (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Benzie, M. & Persson, Å. Int. Environ. Agreem. (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Moser, S. C., Ekstrom, J. A., Kim, J. & Heitsch, S. Ecol. Soc. (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Kural, E., Dellmuth, L. M. & Gustafsson, M.-T. PLoS ONE (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Johanna Nalau.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Nalau, J. Assessing adaptation implementation. Nat. Clim. Chang. 11, 907–908 (2021).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing