Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Increasing power efficiency

Narrow-bandwidth signals and relaxed neural-recording parameters can substantially reduce the power requirements of brain–machine interfaces without degrading their performance.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Two strategies for reducing the power requirements of brain–machine interfaces.


  1. Slutzky, M. W. Neuroscientist 25, 139–154 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Gilja, V. et al. Nat. Med. 21, 1142–1145 (2015).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Hochberg, L. R. et al. Nature 485, 372–375 (2012).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Collinger, J. L. et al. Lancet 381, 557–564 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Ajiboye, A. B. et al. Lancet 389, 1821–1830 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Nason, S. R. et al. Nat. Biomed. Eng. (2020).

  7. Even-Chen, N. et al. Nat. Biomed. Eng. (2020).

  8. Stark, E. & Abeles, M. J. Neurosci. 27, 8387–8394 (2007).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Zhang, J. et al. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I Regul. Pap. 63, 599–608 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Flint, R. D., Lindberg, E. W., Jordan, L. R., Miller, L. E. & Slutzky, M. W. J. Neural Eng. 9, 046006 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Vansteensel, M. J. et al. N. Engl. J. Med. 375, 2060–2066 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Guenther, F. H. et al. PLoS ONE 4, e8218 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Benabid, A. L. et al. Lancet Neurol. 18, 1112–1122 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Flint, R. D., Scheid, M. R., Wright, Z. A., Solla, S. A. & Slutzky, M. W. J. Neurosci. 36, 3623–3632 (2016).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Gallego, J. A., Perich, M. G., Chowdhury, R. H., Solla, S. A. & Miller, L. E. Nat. Neurosci. 23, 260–270 (2020).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Marc W. Slutzky.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Slutzky, M.W. Increasing power efficiency. Nat Biomed Eng 4, 937–938 (2020).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing