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Building better batteries

Researchers must find a sustainable way of providing the power our modern lifestyles demand.

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Figure 1: Revisiting the past.


Figure 2: Battery chemistry over the years.
Figure 3: Reaction mechanisms.
Figure 4: An organic future.
Figure 5: Lithium–air batteries.
Figure 6: Wild cards.
Figure 7: Entering the third dimension.


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The authors wish to thank the scientific community in the field of energy storage and conversion for laying the foundations for these views. They are also grateful to G. Amatucci, D. Murphy and P. Poizot for valuable comments.

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Correspondence to J.-M. Tarascon.

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Armand, M., Tarascon, JM. Building better batteries. Nature 451, 652–657 (2008).

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